Native to South America, this species of plant has various cultivars with different amounts of variegation, from entirely green to near white. They can be sold under the the name Nephthytis podophyllum.
Foliage: An interesting growth pattern of the leaves is they begin cordate (heart) shaped then develop into the arrow shape and further on in age become palmate (similar shape to a hand). Because the plant matures into a climbing vine it will need to be cut back to prevent growth becoming wild and difficult to manage, indoors.
If you want, you can grow these on a moss stick or a type of trellis (support for the stems and direct growth) if you preferred it growing with its natural climbing nature. Growing on a moss stick or another support they can grow up to 6ft tall. Most growers will keep the Arrowhead plant as a small bushy plant and pinch out the stems and prune.
Flowering: Flowers seem to bloom more in its natural habitat and outdoors when the plant has matured. The flowers bloom within a spathe on a spadix similar to how a Peace lily and Philodendron plant does. If your pruning to keep the plant small and bushy flowers will not appear.
Poisonous to pets: It's a good idea to keep your plant well away from cats and dogs. Although they are only mentioned to be mild to moderate in toxicity they will cause your pet to become unwell if ingested
|Names:||Arrowhead Plant or Arrowhead Vine, Goosefoot Plant (common). Syngonium Podophyllum, also named Nephthytis Podophyllum (botanical/scientific).|
|Max Growth (approx):||Height 6ft indoors (much higher outdoors when climbing).|
|Poisonous for pets:||Toxic to cats and dogs.|
|Temperature:||Temperatures of at least 60-85 ºF (15-29 ºC) need to be maintained year round. This species may cope with 50 ºF (10 ºC). Anything lower can kill off your plant.|
|Light:||Provide bright light without direct sunlight to prevent the leaves from getting scorched. Set back a few feet from a window that receives sun would be a nice spot. If you notice more growth on one side then turn the pot because that side is likely to be receiving more light (this will even growth out).|
|Watering:||When the top soil becomes dry to the to the touch slightly - water thoroughly. Reduce watering during winter to prevent plant problems.|
|Soil:||Any decent peat based soil potting mix will suffice.|
|Re-Potting:||Repot once every two years. After it has reached the growth you want - keep the same size pot and just make a new soil change every two years.|
|Fertilizer:||During spring - summer provide the plant with a diluted liquid feed once every two weeks. After summer stop feeding because the plant will no longer produce new growth to nourish.|
|Humidity:||In its natural habitat the Arrowhead plant receives plenty of humidity, however, in temperate regions most homes are suitable. Try to avoid dry air from heating systems (place water in containers to improve within the room or let air in through the windows - not too cold though). Misting the leaves is a good approach to improving humidity.|
|Propagation:||Between spring and summer you can take a 4in stem tip cutting with only one or two leaves (remove others). If a tip has new growth use that - it will propagate easier. Dip the cut into rooting hormone then plant in slightly moist potting soil. Water when the soil becomes dry then once new growth appears treat the plant the same as the parent. This plant can begin growing well when placed in water to begin rooting then pot it up.|
|Pruning:||Pruning during summer will encourage new growth and make the plant more bushy in appearance. To prevent the stems from climbing and growing too long pinch them at the tip of each stem that is now tall enough. You can also remove older stems. The stems removed can be propagated.|
Yellowing leaves:The most likely cause here is over or underwatering. This is easy to identify when you take a look how water has been provided and if the soil is too wet or dry. If you do the opposite of what you have been doing the problem should go away and remove the yellowing leaves that look unhealthy.
Dry brown leaf tips: This will be caused when the air is too dry and is easy to put right. Mist the leaves daily until they look better then mist every couple of days or so.
Lack of growth: During the growing season this can occur when a plant lacks fertilizer (nutrients in soil), not getting enough light or overwatering. Check the care instructions above to eliminate what you are doing right to discover what you may not be providing the plant. Do not be concerned about no growth during the winter. Growth slows down or stops when the colder months descend upon us.