Chlorophytum Comosum

Spider Plant

The spider plant is very popular and can be found in many homes or offices. Most people have owned or lived with one (or many) at some point.



These are easy-to-care for types that grow quickly, making them a great beginner's plant.


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Description


picture of spider plant

Minimal care: This plant can survive with minimal care/attention and can manage low temperatures. However, they will start to look very unattractive and create mess (leaves falling and browning) without enough water and light or too much of either. When they're taken care of properly they look great.

How they look: As mentioned above if they are neglected they will look shabby and unattractive. When cared for the leaves grow upwards and arch out. The C.C. vittatum type (most popular) has green leaves with a white stripe in the center, and the C.C. variegatum has darker green leaves with white stripes on the edges of the leaf, mainly.

Flowering: Small white star shaped flowers appear in loose clusters on the stems up-to 6ft long (max). Alongside flowers blooming small plant-lets grow, that can be detached and re-potted to produce more spider plants.

Where they grow best: Because the leaves and especially the stems grow quite long, the spider plant is best to be placed in a hanging type basket, corner type shelf or table that allows the leaves and stems to grow freely. When they are young and small they are fine anywhere, that's away from direct sunlight.

Air pollution: These have been tested and said to reduce air pollution significantly.


Facts

Origin: South Africa.
Names: Spider or airplane (common). Chlorophytum comosum vittatum and variegatum (botanical/scientific).
Max Growth (approx): Height 60 cm - leaves 45 cm.
Poisonous for pets: Non-toxic to cats and dogs.

Chlorophytum Comosum Vittatum type (most common)

Chlorophytum Comosum Vittatum type picture

Chlorophytum Comosum Variegatum Type



Spider Plant Care

Temperature: Minimum temperature should be no lower than 45°F (7°C). Ideal is approximately 60° - 75°F (15° - 24°C).
Light: Nicely lit room without direct sunlight.
Watering: They like plenty of water, between spring and summer. In the winter they should need a lot less.
Soil: Any decent potting mix.
Re-Potting: Re-pot in spring, if needed (outgrown its pot). Look for roots growing out of the drainage holes of the current pot.
Fertilizer: Feed during spring and summer with a diluted liquid fertilizer.
Humidity: Avoid too much hot air as this will affect the leaves. Spraying a water mist in the summer and within a warm artificially heated room will help.
Propagation: Propagate by dividing the main plant or replant the plant-lets that grow from the main plant any time between spring - fall.

Overall these plants are easy enough for anyone to take care of. The more care given the better they look, though!


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