This plant is a native of Australia, Indonesia, China, Japan and India. Despite its already wide natural range, it has been imported to locations all over the globe. Although it does wonderfully as a house plant, growing it outdoors is illegal in some states, as it has been declared an invasive species.
Among the common names for Epipremnum aureum are Golden Pothos, Devil's Ivy, Money Plant, Silver Vine, and many others. When growing in the wild, this plant attaches itself to other items through aerial roots. It then sends shoots of stems down until it reaches the soil beneath it, where the stems themselves take root and begin to grow across the ground. In the wild, this plant will grow up to 66 feet tall.
How it looks: The beauty of this plant is in its leaves. Each arrow shaped leaf will alternate location with the leaves around it. These leaves will grow up to 39 inches long (100 cm) and 18 inches across (45 cm). Even on juvenile plants, the leaves appear exactly the same as they do on mature plants, only as smaller versions of themselves. This makes this plant beautiful at any age.
The tops of the leaves appear as a blotched marbled yellow and green combination, with each leaf being unique from the others on the vine. You may pinch off the leaves at the stems in order to shape the plant and control where it grows.
Flowering: Although this plant does occasionally bloom in the wild, cases of blooms when grown indoors are extremely rare. The beauty of this plant is in the leaves, not in the flowers it creates. In the event that your indoor plant begins flowering, you may nip the flowers off below the bud when they are discovered. The flowers are nothing but a waste of energy to this plant.
Poisonous: Every part of this plant is poisonous to domestic animals and pets of all kinds, as well as to humans. Avoid having this plant in your home if you have pets or small children.
|Origin:||Australia, Indonesia, China, Japan and India.|
|Names:||Golden pothos or Devils ivy (common). -- Epipremnum aureum (botanical/scientific).|
|Max Growth (approx):||Height 6ft.|
|Poisionous for pets:||Toxic to cats, dogs and horses.|
|Temperature:||To keep this plant as healthy as possible, keep it at temperatures between 60-85 ºF (15-29 ºC) year round. It will withstand occasional cold snaps down to 50 ºF (10 ºC), but below this, the plant will die.|
|Light:||This plant does best in partial shade conditions year-round. Too much light will burn the leaves, causing them to lose their marbled quality.|
|Watering:||Epipremnum aureum requires watering only when the first quarter inch of soil begins to feel dry to the touch. Overwatering will cause the plant's roots to rot. Under-watering is not an issue, as this plant will withstand a high degree of abuse. It will only stunt the growth of the plant. During the fall and winter, reduce watering to allow the top quarter inch of soil to fully dry out before offering more.|
|Soil:||A pot mixture used for cactus plants that drains well will suffice. Adding gravel or small pebbles at the bottom first few inches of the pot will encourage drainage.|
|Re-Potting:||When Golden Pothos becomes tired of living in its current pot, it will let you know by sending out aerial roots in search of additional soil or by breaking the pot. When this happens, re-pot into a size larger pot, then water thoroughly.|
|Fertilizer:||If desired, a balanced fertilizer can be offered to this plant every other week. Fertilizer is only required for the plant's health if the soil quality is poor.|
|Humidity:||This plant prefers normal household humidity during the summer months. It should be given additional misting every other day during the winter if your home air humidity is exceptionally dry.|
|Propagation:||Propagation is best done through cuttings on this plant. Simply cut a section of the plant off of the parent and submerge the cut ends in water for two weeks. When roots form, transfer the plant to a container for growing.|
Yellowing leaves that fall: The likely cause is over watering, so the remedy is the opposite to what you've been doing which is watering much less and keep to the amount in the care instructions.
Dry brown leaf tips: You will find the room is too dry. Misting the plant leaves will improve humidity and prevent the dryness of leaves.
Stems rotting: The cause here can either be a drop in temperatures or over-watering. If the leaves have become limp I would suggest it could be a cold temperature drop rather than over-watering. The plant will now need treatment to save it, and check for root rot.